Due to the diversity of medicinal plants and herbal medicines, it is dif- ficult for Annex 2 lists the monographs in alphabetical order of the plant name, while. list of antidiabetic plants in india filetype pdf plants are usually installed as the final part of landscape construction. Hard Landscape: Civil work component of. In this study area, herbal remedies are considered convenient for mentioned plant extracts for antidiabetic list of antidiabetic plants in india filetype pdf Of these.
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This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Conclusion As per Ayurveda, there exists a huge collection of plants with antidiabetic potential.
Absorption of free oleic acid in rats has also been reduced [ ]. However, glycogen-loaded mice showed significant depressive effect on increasing the level of postprandial blood glucose after ingestion of Momordica charantia [ 65 ].
Upper Respiratory Infections Jack B. Garlic is also used in folk medicine for the management of cardiac diseases, cancer, parasitic, fungal diseases, and diabetes . As per Ayurveda it is a miraculous plant used against a variety of problems including insect bites, intestinal worms, headache, and tumors [ ]. Studies have reported that triterpenoids may be the hypoglycemic components present in karela which could be responsible for activation of AMP-activated protein kinase [ 63 ].
The literature pertaining to antidiabetic herbs is scattered. The most common and effective antidiabetic medicinal plants of Indian origin are Babul Acacia arabicabael Aegle marmelosechurch steeples Agrimonia eupatoriaonion Allium cepagarlic Allium sativumghrita kumara Aloe veraneem Azadirachta indicaash gourd Benincasa hispidaBeetroot Beta vulgarisfever nut Caesalpinia bonducellabitter apple Citrullus colocynthisivy gourd Coccinia indicaeucalyptus Eucalyptus globulesbanyan tree Ficus benghalenesisgurmar Gymnema sylvestregurhal Hibiscus rosa-sinesissweet potato Ipomoea batataspurging Nut Jatropha curcasmango Mangifera indicakarela Momordica charantiamulberry Morus albakiwach Mucuna prurienstulsi Ocimum sanctumbisasar Pterocarpus marsupiumanar Punica granatumjamun Syzygium cuminigiloy Tinospora cordifoliaand methi Trigonella foenum-graecum.
Decoction prepared from the bark is used in treatment of diabetes [ 13 ]. Oral incorporation of aqueous extract of Ficus religiosa for 21 days caused a significant lowering in blood glucose levels, and an elevated level of insulin has been observed.
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Besides eliciting a strong antidiabetic property, Pterocarpus marsupium is reported to be effective against several diseases. Fenugreek is well known for filetupe pungent aromatic properties, and it is a flavoring agent in food [ ]. Plant parts used most commonly are heart wood, leaves, flowers, bark, and gum. Leaves and bulb are the parts frequently used.
Only few of them have been scientifically proven and a lot more have yet to be explored and proved. Bitter melon is also effective in loosening adiposity. Every part of the plant is used as a therapeutic agent against several diseases.
Allium sativum Allium sativum garlic commonly called lahsun belongs to the family Amaryllidaceae.
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N-Acetylcysteine is reported to reduce the oxidative stress by improving the endogenous antioxidant defences [ ].
The plant is believed to contain several bioactive principles including tannins, saponins, polyphenolic compounds, flavonoids, and sterols. View at Google Scholar H.
Epicatechin has also been shown to strengthen the insulin signalling by activating key proteins of that pathway and regulating glucose production through AKT and AMPK modulation in HepG2 cells [ ]. The gastroprotective effect has also been reported in jamun seeds. Saponins are also supposed to stimulate insulin secretion [ 66 ]. It gives an additional information of list of antidiabetic plants which have not been discussed by Nagarajan et al 76 and Handa et al Several studies have demonstrated antibacterial, antiviral, anticancer, and antidiabetic activities, in Momordica charantia [ 5354 ]; however, the antidiabetic activity has been widely reviewed.
There are about plants which have been reported to show antidiabetic potential. The hydroalcoholic antiviabetic of O. The insulin resistance in Indians is thought to be due to their higher body fat percentage [ 56 ].
A REVIEW ON SOME ANTIDIABETIC PLANTS OF INDIA
Presence of flavanoids in the seeds provides the gastric ulcer protective activity to jamun [ 40 ]. Momordica charantia Momordica charantia bitter gourd or karela belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae.
Eastern Overseas Corp Quick facts: Upper respiratory tract infection pdf Its mode of spread is also very fast as compared to any other infection. Antidiabetic properties ineia tulsi were appreciated in Ayurveda [ 68 ].
Diallyl trisulfide has been proved to improve glycemic control in STZ-induced diabetic rats. The blood glucose-lowering activity of karela has been reported in several animal models [ 64 ]. In several antixiabetic studies, bitter gourd has been reported to ameliorate the metabolic syndrome, where diabetes is one of the risk factors [ 55 — 57 ].